Birth­stones By Month

January

Gar­net — Though Gar­nets are pri­mar­ily seen in a deep, warm red color, Gar­nets can actu­ally be found in a mul­ti­tude of col­ors includ­ing green, orange, yel­low, and plum. The only color Gar­net does not offer is blue. Gar­nets can be found in the United States, but now mainly are mined in East Africa, Rus­sia, Cen­tral and South Amer­ica, India, and Sri Lanka.

February

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Amethyst — Amethysts are believed to pro­tect the wearer from not only seduc­tion, but drunk­en­ness as well. The name Amethyst is derived from the Greek word ‘amethys­tos’ mean­ing ‘not intox­i­cated’. Through­out his­tory, many cul­tures believed that Amethyst would inspire the intel­lect and keep the mind sharp. Amethysts can vary in color from a light vio­let to a deep, royal pur­ple. Amethysts can be found in Brazil, Uruguay, Mada­gas­car, Canada, Ger­many, Rus­sia, Tibet, South Amer­ica, and Sri Lanka.

March

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Aqua­ma­rine — Since ancient times, Aqua­ma­rine has been regarded as the sailors’ lucky stone. Aqua­ma­rine is derived from the Latin words ‘aqua’ (water) and ‘marina’ (of the sea). Aqua­marines can be found in shades rang­ing from light, icy blue to a deep, ocean blue, the lat­ter of which is the finest qual­ity– dubbed the Santa Maria, because it is only found in the Santa Maria de Itabira mine in Brazil.

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April

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Dia­mond –Dia­monds have a long his­tory as beau­ti­ful objects of desire. In the first cen­tury AD, the Roman nat­u­ral­ist Pliny stated: “Dia­mond is the most valu­able, not only of pre­cious stones, but of all things in this world.” A dia­mond has to go through a lot before it reaches a jeweler’s dis­play case. It forms deep in the earth under extreme heat and pres­sure. It’s ejected vio­lently upward until it arrives at or near the earth’s sur­face. It is then forced from its hid­ing place by nature or by man, to be cleaved and cut and pol­ished until its nat­ural beauty shines through.

May

Emer­ald — The name Emer­ald comes from the Greek ‘smarag­dus’ mean­ing ‘green’. The Incas and Aztecs of South Amer­ica regarded the emer­ald as a holy gem­stone. Leg­ends also attribute Emer­ald with the abil­ity to reveal truth, and pro­tect from evil spir­its. Some of the best qual­ity Emer­alds are found within the bor­ders of Colom­bia, but Emer­alds of fine qual­ity can also be found in Zam­bia, Brazil, Zim­babwe, Mada­gas­car, Pak­istan, India, Afghanistan, and Russia.

June

Pearl –Ancients believed the lumi­nous, white pearl would bring about a happy mar­riage, as well as the gift of purity to those born in June. Pearls are organic gems, cre­ated when an oys­ter cov­ers a for­eign object that has found its way into the shell with del­i­cate lay­ers of nacre. There are two dif­fer­ent types of pearls known today: fresh water and salt water pearls. Salt water Pearls are har­vested in Japan and warmer waters of the South Pacific. China pri­mar­ily pro­duces the major­ity of fresh­wa­ter pearls, but a small per­cent­age of them are also har­vested in Japan and the US.

Alexan­drite — Alexan­drite is an enchant­ing gem­stone which changes color depend­ing on the nature of the ambi­ent light­ing. Alexan­drite gem­stones are green in nat­ural light, but tend to have a reddish/​pink color when they are indoors under incan­des­cent light. Alexan­drite derives its name from the Russ­ian tsar Alexan­der II, and the very first crys­tals were dis­cov­ered in April 1834 in the emer­ald mines near the Toko­vaya River in the Urals. Alexan­drite can be found in Rus­sia, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Tan­za­nia, India, Burma, Mada­gas­car and Zimbabwe.

July

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Ruby — It is of no ques­tion that the name ‘ruby’ was derived from the Latin word ‘ruber’, mean­ing ‘red’. Early cul­tures believed that rubies held the power of life, as the rich, red tones bore strik­ing sim­i­lar­ity to blood. Later, Medieval Euro­peans wore rubies to guar­an­tee health, wealth, wis­dom, and suc­cess in love. The most renowned rubies are typ­i­cally mined in Myan­mar, the Himalayas, and North­ern Vietnam.

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August

Peri­dot - The word ‘Peri­dot’ comes from the Ara­bic ‘Fari­dat’, mean­ing gem. Most Peri­dot are formed deep inside the Earth and are brought to the sur­face by vol­canic erup­tion, how­ever, some Peri­dot are extrater­res­trial, hav­ing arrived on earth in mete­orites, though this is extremely rare. Peri­dot has his­tor­i­cally been con­fused with Emer­ald, in fact it is now believed that Cleopatra’s famous Emer­ald col­lec­tion could actu­ally have been Peri­dot, as Peri­dot is known to have been mined on an Egypt­ian island now called St. John’s Island, or Zabargad.

Sep­tem­ber

Sap­phire — Though blue is the most com­monly known color of sap­phire, they can actu­ally come in a rain­bow of col­ors. Through­out the ages, dif­fer­ing cul­tures have always held sap­phires in high regard. Ancient Greeks and Romans believed sap­phires pro­tected their own­ers from envy and harm. In the Mid­dle Ages, clergy wore sap­phires to rep­re­sent Heaven. British roy­alty has always adorned them­selves with sap­phires, the most well-​known piece prob­a­bly being the sap­phire engage­ment ring Prince Charles gave to Princess Diana.

October

Opal - Opal is the prod­uct of sea­sonal rains car­ry­ing sil­ica down into deep, under­ground Autralian sed­i­men­tary rock. Over the ages, many cul­tures have attrib­uted opal to super­nat­ural ori­gins and power. Arab cul­tures says it falls from the sky in flashes of light­ning. Ancient Greeks believed opal gave its wearer the gift of prophecy and guarded them from dis­ease. Euro­peans have long asso­ci­ated opal with hope, purity, and truth.

Pink Tour­ma­line — Tour­ma­line is another gem that can come in a myr­iad of col­ors. Until sci­en­tists rec­og­nized it as its own gem in the 1800s, it was long con­fused to be a num­ber of other gems, depend­ing on color. Its name reflects this, com­ing from the Sing­halese “tora­malli”, mean­ing “mixed gems”. Tour­ma­line can be found in Brazil, the U.S., the Himalayas, Mada­gas­car, and Afghanistan.

November

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Cit­rine — Many peo­ple mis­tak­enly refer to cit­rine as “Golden Topaz”, when in real­ity, they have very lit­tle in com­mon. Cit­rine is a much hardier stone, and is bet­ter suited for daily wear. Cit­rine is a mem­ber of the Quartz fam­ily, and its name alludes to cit­rus fruit. Some­times, cit­rine and amethyst can occur in the same crys­tal, which is then called Ametrine.

December

Blue Zir­con — Blue zir­con was par­tic­u­larly pop­u­lar dur­ing the Vic­to­rian era in British estate jew­elry. In the Mid­dle Ages, zir­con was thought to pro­mote sleep, drive away evil spir­its, and pro­mote riches, honor, and wis­dom. Not abun­dantly avail­able, many peo­ple sub­sti­tute it with blue topaz.

Tan­zan­ite — Tan­zan­ite was first dis­cov­ered in the Mere­lani Hills of Tan­za­nia in 1967, and quickly rose to the top as one of the most pop­u­lar col­ored gems. Col­ors can range from translu­cent vio­let to royal pur­ple and a spec­trum of blues. Another gem, Iolite, has a sim­i­lar indigo color, but is more prone to chip­ping or break­ing and is harder to find in a fine quality.